Asian Social Work Journal <p>Asian Social Work Journal (ASWJ)&nbsp;is an international social work journal,&nbsp;double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal published by the Secholian Publication PLT. The journal focuses on the following social work topics: social work theory, social work method, social work practice, and field of social work. It provides an academic platform for professionals and researchers (social work educator and social workers) to contribute innovative in the field of social work.</p> Asian Social Work Journal en-US Asian Social Work Journal 0128-1577 Do Homeless People Giving Up Hope? A Qualitative Study in Penang, Malaysia <p>This qualitative study aims to explore the lives of homeless people around Georgetown, Penang, Malaysia especially in the social support aspect of their lives. Twenty (20) informants were involved in this study. Data obtained were analyzed using the content analysis method. The results showed that the homeless were classified as those who had given up hope. Lack of social support resources makes the homeless' lives to be drifted and then further triggers risky behaviour changes. The feelings of isolation and neglect caused the homeless to decide not to have any kind of relationship with their nuclear family. This study has the potential to contribute to the knowledge of social marginalization issues affecting homeless people in Malaysia in general and especially in Georgetown, Penang as well as its implications for the survival and sustainability of these minorities' lives.</p> Syazwani Binti Drani Azlinda Azman Paramjit Singh Jamir Singh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-10-16 2021-10-16 6 5 1 10 10.47405/aswj.v6i5.179 Applying Anti Oppressive, Empowerment, and Strengths Based Approaches to Social Work Practice with Hmong Clients <p>This conceptual article discusses social work practice with Hmong Americans using a framework that embraces anti-oppressive practice, empowerment and strengths-based approaches. Specifically, the Hmong kinship social construct of kwv tij neej tsa&nbsp;(pronounced: ku tee ning ja) is used to elaborate on the importance of upholding family relationships that transcends the worker-client relationship. Social workers are encouraged to empower Hmong to seek and ask for resources that support their collective value of connection to family and group identity, which is a strength that contributes to resilience and buffers against historically oppressive practices and systems.</p> Serge C Lee Cindy Vang Jenny Chang Pa Der Vang ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-10-16 2021-10-16 6 5 11 20 10.47405/aswj.v6i5.182 Person Centered and Trauma Informed Approach in Social Work Practice and Ways to Ensure Diversity in both Approaches <p>Person-Centered approach is an adapted work of Carl Rogers, where the focus was mainly on psychotherapy and counselling. Rogers believed, the basic nature of an individual is constructive and trustworthy – given that the individual is freely functioning. Person-Centered approach is the backbone of social work practice alongside trauma-informed approach. Any emotionally and physically daunting events that affects the response of an individual is trauma. Trauma damages the freely functioning state of an individual – emotionally, socially and behaviorally. By introducing an approach that is trauma-informed will help social worker to not only understand the emotions of the individual while working with them but also guide the social work practice in better understanding while working with the individuals.</p> Niket Paudel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-10-16 2021-10-16 6 5 21 24 10.47405/aswj.v6i5.183 Impact of Supportive Resources on Middle-Aged Women's Self-Care Activities: A Study in The Vietnamese Context <p>Addressing the fact that studies on self-care of Vietnamese middle-aged women remain scarse, our presenting study aims to investigate the relationship between supportive resources utilized by Vietnamese middle-aged women and their types of self-care. Data were collected from survey interview with 512 middle-aged women (aged from 40 to 60 years old) in Hanoi city and Quang Ninh province. A series of linear regression was performed on the six types of self-care, including: physical care, supportive relationships, mindful awareness, self-compassion &amp; purpose, mindful relaxation, and supportive structure. Three types of supportive resources and other covariates (age, education, and residence area) were entered into these models as key predictors. The study results show that the use of different level of resources was associated with different types of self-care practice. The use of micro-resource system significantly predicted all six types of self-care among Vietnamese middle-aged women. The mesenchymal and peripheral resource systems significantly predicted physical care only among Vietnamese middled-age women. The macro resource system was significantly associated with the practice of mind-relaxing and supportive structure. In addition, people who were older, had better education and lived in urban areas tended to participate more in physical care. Women with a higher education level and living in urban areas were predicted to utilize more supportive relationships and mindful relaxation. Women living in urban areas, having a higher level of education practiced mindful relaxation significantly more than their counterparts. Using more supportive structure was significantly more among women living in urban areas, in older age groups and having higher education levels. The key findings suggest the promotion of active support from the micro-level system, as well as advocate for social policy development to help less privileged groups of women access and use mezzo and macro resources more effectively.</p> Thuy Luong Nguyen Thi Thu Ha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-10-16 2021-10-16 6 5 25 32 10.47405/aswj.v6i5.189 The Initiated of Formation of Linking Social Capital of Community in Creative Tourism Village Dago Pojok, Bandung, West Java Province, Indonesia <p>Poverty in rural areas is now reaching an alarming condition, according to the Central Statistics Agency at this time the poor in rural areas dominate the percentage of poverty in Indonesia by 60%. Efforts to improve the welfare of rural communities will not be separated from how people use and maximize their potential, especially in networking relevant to the issue of social capital. Based on the concept of social capital, there is currently a type of social capital linking, which means emphasizing how the community is able to build relationships with parties who have authority, especially in making policy. This is considered to be important to support the development of welfare for the community, especially in the Dago Creative Tourism Village. Based on this, the purpose of this study is how the community initiated the development of social capital linking in the community in Dago Creative Tourism Village. Therefore, based on these objectives, this study uses a qualitative approach with a descriptive type. The data collection is done by observation, study of documentation of relevant documents and interviews. In addition interviews were conducted on 15 informants obtained using purposive sampling technique to determine informants. The results of this study indicate that there are several ways in which people initiate government involvement in developing social capital linking, such as community legalizing organizations, people participating in activities organized by the government, and the community providing government opportunities to participate in every activity organized by the government</p> Alfrojems Alfrojems RR E Sulistyaningsih Triyanti Anugrahini Adhi Karyono ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-10-16 2021-10-16 6 5 33 41 10.47405/aswj.v6i5.181 Kurang Celik Akal Pencetus Kepada Penagihan Dadah dalam kalangan Remaja <p>Generasi muda merupakan modal insan yang amat penting kepada kesejahteraan dan pembangunan negara. Penglibatan golongan ini dalam aktiviti penyalahgunaan dadah telah mengancam keselamatan dan kemakmuran negara, malahan menjejaskan perkembangan sahsiah diri remaja ke alam dewasa. Oleh itu, kajian ini dijalankan bertujuan untuk menganalisis sejauh mana tahap ‘celik akal’ terhadap pengetahuan dadah dan kesannya dalam kalangan penagih remaja. Pengkaji mengaplikasikan pendekatan kualitatif melalui temu bual separuh berstruktur untuk memperoleh data. Kajian kes digunakan untuk meneroka dan memahami fenomena yang berlaku berdasarkan perspektif peserta kajian. Seramai enam orang remaja yang dikenal pasti mempunyai rekod penyalahgunaan dadah dan berusia di antara 13-18 tahun telah dipilih sebagai peserta kajian melalui persampelan bertujuan. Dapatan diperolehi menunjukkan ‘celik akal’ terhadap dadah yang dimiliki oleh penagih remaja adalah bersifat umum iaitu sekadar cuma mengetahui dadah itu bahan bahaya, menimbulkan ketagihan serta memberikan kesan fizikal dan psikologikal. Sumber maklumat dadah berdasarkan pengalaman mereka sendiri sebagai seorang penagih dadah sebelum ini dan melalui kawan-kawan. Kajian ini memberi implikasi ke arah memperkasakan modul pendidikan pencegahan dadah dalam kalangan remaja oleh pihak berkepentingan dengan menyebarluaskan segala maklumat melalui percambahan pengetahuan dadah dan kesan yang tepat serta betul sebagai instrumen utama untuk membanteras masalah penyalahgunaan dadah di Malaysia.</p> Nazri Daud Wan Anor Bin Wan Sulaiman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-10-16 2021-10-16 6 5 42 55 10.47405/aswj.v6i5.187 Strategi Daya Tindak Belia Pelbagai Etnik Dalam Mengatasi Penagihan Semula Dadah, di Sabah <p>Penagihan semula di kalangan bekas penagih dadah bukanlah suatu isu baru. Usaha ini telah lama giat dijalankan sejak penagihan dadah dianggap satu masalah serius bersifat epidemik sejak tahun 70-an lagi. Strategi daya tindak yang pelbagai di kalangan penagih dadah yang tidak dilakukan secara betul menyebabkan mereka tidak dapat mengelak dari terjebak semula dengan dadah. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui strategi daya tidak belia pelbagai etnik untuk mengatasi masalah penagihan semula dan melihat hubungan antara strategi daya tindak antara belia pelbagai etnik dalam usaha untuk mengurangkan penagihan semula. Kajian ini dilakukan secara tinjauan dengan menggunakan soal selidik. Subjek kajian adalah terdiri daripada belia yang pernah terlibat dengan pemulihan dadah di pusat-pusat pemulihan. Seramai 63 orang telah terlibat dalam kajian ini. Kajian ini telah dijalankan melibatkan bekas penagih di Papar dan Beaufort. Kaedah persampelan yang digunakan ialah sampel bertujuan yang melibatkan 63 orang belia berumur 18 – 35 tahun dari kawasan-kawasan yang terpilih sahaja seperti dari Papar dan Beaufort. Dalam kajian ini, alat kajian yang digunakan ialah ‘Drug Avoidance Sel-Efficacy Scale’ diasaskan oleh Martin (1992). Inventori yang digunakan dalam kajian ini menyenaraikan 16 soalan strategi daya tindak mengawal diri daripada terlibat dengan dadah. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa secara keseluruhan rata-rata sampel kajian mempunyai kemampuan strategi daya tindak positif yang agak tinggi dan tahap coping adalah sederhana. Kajian ini juga menunjukkan setiap etnik mempunyai cara strategi yang berbeza untuk mengatasi masalah mereka apabila berhadapan dengan situasi bermasalah yang mendorong mereka untuk mengambil dadah semula.</p> Mohd Hafizan Muamat Husin Wan Anor Wan Sulaiman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-10-16 2021-10-16 6 5 56 68 10.47405/aswj.v6i5.191