Asian Social Work Journal <p>Asian Social Work Journal (ASWJ)&nbsp;is an international social work journal,&nbsp;double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal published by the Secholian Publication PLT. The journal focuses on the following social work topics: social work theory, social work method, social work practice, and field of social work. It provides an academic platform for professionals and researchers (social work educator and social workers) to contribute innovative in the field of social work.</p> en-US (Editor-in-Chief) (Journal Manager) Mon, 01 Jul 2019 01:11:33 +0000 OJS 60 Implementation of Social Assistance for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities <p>Distance Service Program (DSP) is a community based rehabilitation program for persons with intellectual disabilities. This program has been running 11 years and is considered able to improve the wellbeing of persons with intellectual disabilityies and their families. In 2017, DSP implemented in West Bandung regency by rehabilitating 30 persons with intellectual disability. At the end of the program, beneficiaries receive cash aid to be managed as productive economic business capital. This article discusses the process by which the beneficiary families together with community cadres in managing the social assistance. The research method used is qualitative with descriptive research type. 13 selected informants represent program managers, program implementers, and program beneficiaries. The results of the field findings indicate that the beneficiary families of DSP 2017 have used the cash aid in accordance with the plan. Most of them are able to manage productive economic business and supplement family income by involving beneficiaries. The findings also reveal participatory economic empowerment by maximizing the potential of intellectual disabilities. However, there are also some types of endangered businesses consumed, dead fowls exposed to the virus, and businesses that take a long time to earn income for the family.</p> Dedek Roslina, Ety Rahayu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 01 Jul 2019 00:57:23 +0000 Impact of Maltreatment: Psychosocial Experience of Parentless School Going Adolescents <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The present study examines the impact of maltreatment among the Parentless School Going Adolescents (PSGAs) and their psychosocial experiences in Northern Provence in Sri Lanka. Prevalence of PSGAs’ exposure to maltreatment can be understood considering the size of PSGAs exposed and their experiences, how exposure impacts PSGAs psychosocial development, factors that increase risk or provide protection against the negative effects of exposure, and the types of interventions that can be implemented to mitigate harmful effects. Participants (PSGAs) were recruited from two districts; namely Kilinochchi and Mullaithivu. Participants with recent experiences and had psychosocial distress were examined. 30 cases {[Female=18 (60%), Male=12 (40%)] and [Mean Age=14.7, SD=1.9]}, were recruited using purposive sampling techniques. An exploratory approach was adopted and semi-structured interview was conducted as the present study aims to have an in- depth understanding on various elements of maltreatment experiences. The questions were mostly open-ended and were intended to be used as a guide to explore or capture as much as possible the PSGAs’ thoughts and feelings about his/her experiences. Content analysis was used to identify common themes related to the objective. Twenty two cases (73.3%) were subject to maltreatment by care takers and their family members. The three most frequent types of relationships to the PSGAs were grandparents (9 cases), uncle (6 cases), and aunty (2 cases). Others included cousin (3), and brother-in-law (2). Maltreated by other people occurred in 21 cases (70 %). This included neighbor (7 cases), total stranger (4), friend’s parents (4), friend (2), teacher (2), priest (1) and servant (1). Many PSGAs faced with multiple maltreatment. Maltreatment occurs on the background of caretaker’s dysfunction and sociocultural factors. The findings underscore the need of providing support for caretakers so they can provide better care of PSGAs. Psychosocial intervention should be individualized to meet the needs of each PSGA. Further research is needed to clarify the issues of risk and protective factors in the post-war context in Northern Provence.</p> </div> </div> </div> Hariharathamotharan Suppiah, Dilrukshi Abyesinghe, S. Jeevasuthan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 01 Jul 2019 01:02:44 +0000 Parenting Support Communication Model Development Using Whatsapp Messenger in TK Islam Mutiara Hikmah Dan Lalita Kita Bintaro <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Parenting for early childhood should be prioritized due to the importance of both physical and psychological aspects of children’s growth and development. A parenting model accompanied by parents, teachers and also psychological experts will result the balance oh physical and psychological health of the children. The development of social media like WhatsApp Messenger which has not been used optimally for parenting support socialization could be mentioned as an unfortunate chance. Due to that matter, the purpose of this research, thus: to describe the existing communication flow between parents and the school of TK Islam Mutiara Hikmah dan TK Lalita Kita Bintaro, to describe the result of parenting support model development in the teachers’ and parents’ behavior, and to find supporting and challenging factors to the communication development of the parenting model support that uses the WhatsApp Messenger. Methodology used in this research is descriptive methodology by the qualitative approach. Furthermore, the informants are invited by purposive and accidental methods. The informants consisted of two educators at TK Mutiara Hikmah, two psychologists from both schools, two educators at TK Lalita Kita Bintaro, eight students’ guardians from TK Mutiara Hikmah and nine students’ guardians from TK Lalita kita Bintaro. Data collection is conducted by doing in- depth interviews, documentations, and observation. The data analysis technique is conducted by using qualitative analytical method and descriptive method periodically since the beginning of data collection to the end of the research. To create the meaning of concluded data, researchers did the data analysis and the interpretation. The validity of data is tested by implementing source triangulation. Research output is to develop the communication model of parenting support by using WhatsApp Messenger. Theoretical basis used in this research is Osgood and Schramm’s Circular Communication Model. This model of communication is laid on the understanding that communication is conducted by two sides. Osgood explains that communication exists circularly rather than in linear way. The research is done for 6 months from January 25–July 25 2018. The results show: 1. The description of communication flow between teachers and parents has not been carried out in significant way since there are many parents working. Thus, the researchers tried to develop the communication model for parenting support by using WhatsApp Messenger to ease the more interactive communication for working parents. Furthermore, the use of social media could also ease the delivery of parenting support materials such as, curriculums, school’s subjects, and the announcements so that more dynamical communications with feedback can exist. 2. The result of parenting support model development is the coordination of the parenting support program can be done easier and optimally for those who already have the WhatsApp Messenger account. The delivery of materials and discussions via WhatsApp Messenger gives solution for parenting support problem. Significant results are as follow: a. Parents got helped by sharing activities via WhatsApp Messenger, b. Those materials shared via WhatsApp made children more independent and easier to control the psychological development, c. Children get braver at school and hyperactive children get calmer, d. Facilitating the problem solving process, e. Changing of children’s behavior such as, communication skills, concern feelings, and getting more method of learning and playing based on the ages, f. Raising concern for parents about all aspects of children’s growth and development, g. Giving more knowledge of parenting to parents by visualizing it through videos and variative tutorials. Supporting and challenging factors to the development of communication model via WhatsApp Messenger are as follow: internet connection service, financial problem of parents to provide the facilities and phycologists, schools’ poor facilities and infrastructures, and poor parents’ role since they are working are the challenging factors. While supporting factors are parents’ concern, internet connection, dynamic discussion between parents and teachers so that parents could easily implement the materials at home, and facilities provided by school, teachers’ concerns to children’s psychological development. Communication flow between parents and teachers has not been conducted optimally even though WhatsApp Messenger was already used by them, this model is positively reacted by the school and parents, and also, the benefits are considered directly. Furthermore, significant factors for the success of this model is human resources, facilities and infrastructure, and financial problems.</p> </div> </div> </div> Lilik Sumarni, Annisa Putri Larasati, Daniel Handoko ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 01 Jul 2019 01:11:10 +0000 Emotional Coping Through Solution Focused Counselling Therapy: Case Study of Psychological Distressed Women <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The aim of this paper was to explore the emotional coping of psychological distressed women who had undergone counselling session based on Solution Focused Therapy Module. Six (6) working women were selected as subjects based on the criteria such as currently working and have had experience symptoms of psychological distress such as anxiety and depression for the past four weeks. The subject’s levels of psychological distress were measured using the Kessler psychological distress scale (K10). In this study, qualitative case study method had been done to get in depth understand of the emotional coping styles among the subjects. The pre and post interviews had been conducted with all the subjects to explore how they cope emotionally with the psychological distress before and after the intervention. Finding of this research explained that subjects had a different style of emotional coping before and after the intervention. The subjects agreed that their type of emotions influenced the level of psychological distress. Before the intervention, subjects experienced negatives emotions that influenced them to have negative styles of emotional coping such as withdrawal, over thinking, problem avoidance and crying. After the intervention subjects experienced positive emotions that made them to be calmer and relax, they also felt better and able to think of the solutions to their problems. Thus, they need to be able to control their emotion prior to reducing the level of psychological distress. Subjects also have different coping mechanism before and after the intervention due to their age differences and maturity level.</p> </div> </div> </div> Nurul Naimah Rose, Aida Shakila Ishak ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 11 Jul 2019 11:29:42 +0000 Demands and Factors Associated to Psychosocial Support of Cancer Patients at Vietnam National Cancer Hospital <p>Cancer patients in Vietnam are increasing exponentially in numbers, with great demands for psychosocial support. This study explored the demands for the psychosocial support of cancer patients at Vietnam National Cancer Hospital and several associated factors. This is a cross-sectional survey, qualitative and quantitative study, and conducted from April to September 2017. This study utilized the structured questionnaire of 418 cancer patients, 8 in-depth interviews and 3 focus group discussions. Results of the study showed that cancer patients have different demands for 6 types of psychosocial support services, specifically: visiting about health and family difficulties (86.1%), providing information on supporting networks for cancer patients (75.7%), psychological counseling and consultation (68.4%), psychotherapy (49.9%), Consultation on self-care for appearance (39.1%), and Consultation on social communication (38.6%). Factors associated to cancer patients’ demands for psychosocial support at Vietnam National Cancer Hospital are gender, the number of treatments, and psychological states. In addition, to improve the quality of life for cancer patients, Vietnam National Cancer Hospital should promote psychosocial support activities for cancer patients, based on associated factors.</p> Nam Tien Pham, Le Tu Hoang, Nguyen Kim Oanh, Nguyen Khac Liem, Hoang Van Minh ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 11 Jul 2019 14:05:15 +0000 "Oh God, Please Save Us from War": AN Ethography Study of Impact of War on Health Among Syrian Children Refuges in Lebanon and Their Experience Living with Health Problems <p>In nearly six years of armed conflict, more than 250,000 Syrians have lost their lives and there were over 1 million Syrian refugees who had been registered in Lebanon in 2016. It has been reported that exposure to war causes injury, illness and breakdown in the health care structures especially to children. This paper attempts to evaluate the impact of war on health in children and to explore their experience living with health problems. A qualitative data from semi structured &nbsp;interview was conducted among&nbsp; mothers in refugee camp in Bekaa Valley, Lebanon Participants were purposefully sampled and asked to share their impact on war to health of their children. All interviews were written manually and analysed thematically. Ten participants were involved in this study. There were three main themes were identified, each of which led to health risks for the children; antepartum, intrapartum and postpartum. There was variety of health problems reported ranging from neurological, musculoskeletal disorder to ocular problems. &nbsp;The experience living with health problems were understood through construction of three thematic categories emerged; psychological burden, disruption of daily living and economic effect. In additional, the participants also highlighted the intergenerational impact of war on health predominantly mental disorder, congenital abnormalities, infectious disease and complication in pregnancy. In general, this paper provides an important understanding of impact of wars on health among vulnerable group which is children. The effects of wars on health and health care services are substantial. All these issues should be explored more to ensure the children received adequate health care. The results generated form this study can inspire new collaboration with many authorities in the design and implementation intervention to improve health status in war zone</p> Zulkhairul Naim Bin Sidek Ahmad, Burhanudin Busu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 11 Jul 2019 15:53:37 +0000