Asian Social Work Journal <p>Asian Social Work Journal (ASWJ)&nbsp;is an international social work journal,&nbsp;double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal published by the Secholian Publication PLT. The journal focuses on the following social work topics: social work theory, social work method, social work practice, and field of social work. It provides an academic platform for professionals and researchers (social work educator and social workers) to contribute innovative in the field of social work.</p> en-US (Editor-in-Chief) (Journal Manager) Tue, 19 Mar 2019 12:13:45 +0000 OJS 60 Developing Healthy Environment for Young Mothers in Suburb Indonesia <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This article explores community services approach that intends to change the behavior of young mothers at home in serving food for their families. Research results showed that there were challenges in this suburb area., especially for young mother who can get many facilities to get their daily meals. Unfortunately, the facilities could give negative impacts on them in gaining proper nutrition. The obstacles came from many aspects of society. Thereupon, social intervention for them needs to be handled carefully so that the beneficiaries could get sustainable change. Others have argued that participation is crucial elements in community intervention. This research showed that participation its self is the hard aspect in the suburb especially at the region that has rapid development but lack of social investments. People used to get many projects from different organizations. The helping projects often did not consider sustainability matters. This condition reshapes the people. They become the object of social programs. Maintaining intensive programs based on some practices: collaboration planning and implementation could increase the trust of the beneficiaries. Based on our study on ten young women and other fourteen participants in a suburb of Indonesia, trust is primary material in changing people’s behavior. Especially educating people to live in healthy lifestyle as a vital aspect of developing a healthy environment.</p> </div> </div> </div> Sari Viciawati Machdum, Fardhan Zaka Ramzy, Anna Amalyah Agus, Annisah Annisah ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 19 Mar 2019 11:26:06 +0000 Social Mapping of Clean and Healthy Life Behavior of Remote Indigenous Communities in Kampung Ulakin Kolf Brasa District Asmat Regency Papua Province <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This social mapping aims to collect data and information about clean and healthy life behavior (PHBS) of Remote Indigenous Communities (KAT) in Ulakin Village, Kolf Brasa District, Asmat Regency, Papua Province. The method of data collection in this study is survey method. Data collection techniques used; 1) observation, 2) interviews with leaders and community members, and 3) focus group discussions. The results of the study show that; 1) childbirth assistance has not been carried out by health workers, 2) babies have been breastfed, 3) the community does not have health insurance, 4) the community still utilizes the availability of rainwater and rivers, 5) some houses have used healthy toilets as facilities from the local government, but not yet utilized as appropriate, 6) the average floor area of a house is 36 m2 with an average occupant of 3-5 people, 7) the floor of the house is made of wooden boards which are assistance from the government, 8) the community still smokes in any place, including inside the house, 9) the community always engages in physical activities in the context of hunting and gathering activities, 10) the community eats fruit and vegetables irregularly, adapted to natural resources and the environment. Suggestions for this research; 1) the parties involved have to carry out a more comprehensive follow-up study, and 2) the community as beneficiaries should receive information, services, guidance and social assistance in a participatory, measurable and sustainable manner.</p> </div> </div> </div> Urip Wahyudin ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 19 Mar 2019 11:29:11 +0000 Coping with Drug Abuser in the Family: A Qualitative Study in Penang, Malaysia <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Drug use in Malaysia has steadily increased over the past decade. Drug addiction does not only affect the addict, but it also impacts the lives of their family members. This qualitative study seeks to explore how the drug user’s family members cope with the drug abuse problems in the family. A total of 20 respondents, acting as heads of their families, from the state of Penang, were interviewed. The findings indicated that the respondents utilized both problem-focused and emotion-focused coping strategies to cope with the drug addiction problems in the family. The respondents in this study also used both formal and informal social support systems to cope with the drug abuse problems caused by drug abuse within the family. This study suggests that the drug user’s family members should engage themselves in self-help and support groups to find and learn about constructive coping strategies used by other families who have a similar experience in dealing with drug abuse problems in the family. In addition, by engaging themselves in self-help and support groups, it will help the drug user’s family members gain emotional and social support from other drug user’s family members.</p> </div> </div> </div> Paramjit Singh Jamir Singh, Azlinda Azman, Syazwani Drani ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 19 Mar 2019 11:33:02 +0000 Community Participation in Maintenance of Environment Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) PT. Pegadaian Region X Bandung <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This research has produced a model of three-pillar cooperation between government - private - community in the implementation of an activity for development. The government as a regulator issues development programs that aim to improve the welfare of the community, including development in the environmental field. Sustainable environment has an impact on comfort and public health. Not all of these programs are covered by the government due to government budget constraints. Therefore, in order for programs to be implemented it is necessary to have cooperation with the private sector, especially business entities in the form of limited liability companies, as stated in Law no. 40/2007 concerning Limited Liability Company article 74. In this case utilizing funds from a corporate social responsibility (CSR) program. Companies in the form of State-Owned Enterprises (BUMN) put them in the Partnership and Community Development Program (PKBL), including PT. Pegadaian. The statement of the problem in this study is that the need for community participation in environmental preservation. The study used qualitative methods with in-depth interview and observation data collection techniques. Data triangulation is used to complement data analysis. PT. Pegadaian Region X in the Pungkur Region realized the Environmental Development program in the environment in the Balonggede Sub-District of Regol Sub-District in 2016, namely planting ornamental plants in pots (red shoots) along the sidewalks of the Pungkur road and the Dalem Kaum road for approximately 80 units. After being handed over to the government of the Balonggede Village, its maintenance is the responsibility of the Balonggede Village by involving the surrounding community, especially the people who are close to or in contact with the object. The diversity of people's treatment of plants reflects different perceptions resulting in plants that are not in uniform growth conditions, some are well maintained and grow well, and some are in poor growth conditions. This shows a lack of ownership of public facilities, thus indicating a low level of community participation in environmental preservation, especially environmental facilities as asistance of PT. Pegadaian Region X.</p> </div> </div> </div> Riany Laila Nurwulan, Nina Kurniasih, HR. Sumardhani ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 19 Mar 2019 11:37:25 +0000 Burnout of Parent Who Have Children with Cerebral Palsy Disability in Bandung City <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Burnout refers to feelings of physical, emotional and mental exhaustion of parents who have children with cerebral palsy disabilities. The purpose of the research was to examine: 1) Characteristics of the subject, 2) Feelings of physical fatigue, 3) Feelings of emotional fatigue, and 4) Feelings of mental fatigue. The method used was descriptive qualitative method. The data sources used are primary and secondary data sources. The technique of determining the informants used was purposive. Data collection techniques used were in-depth interviews, participatory observation, and documentation study. The criteria for checking data validity used credibility test, transferability test, dependability test, conformbility test with the technique of extending participation, observation persistence, and triangulation. Data analysis techniques used qualitative data analysis techniques. The results showed that parents who have cerebral palsy children experience burnout characterized by feelings of physical, emotional and mental fatigue. However, feelings of physical and emotional exhaustion can still be overcome properly, only the feeling of mental fatigue cannot be overcome.</p> </div> </div> </div> Enkeu Agiati, Enung Haripah ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 19 Mar 2019 11:41:03 +0000 Vulnerability Life of Female Farmers in Rindu Hati Village Taba Penanjung District Bengkulu Tengah Regency of Bengkulu Province Indonesia <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Female Farmers in Rindu Hati Village not only help their husbands or family heads to make a living to increase family income which is also expected to improve the level of family welfare, but also take care of the household, such as childcare and other domestic work. This condition makes female farmers have some vulnerability in their lives. There are three components of vulnerability affecting adaptation strategies of female farmers in their lives: 1) the level of exposure, i.e. the extent to which female farmers intersects with the disorder. 2) The level of sensitivity, defined as the effect or impact of the problem or disorder received either directly or indirectly by the female farmers. 3) Adaptability (capacity of response), is the female farmers ability to respond disturbances, balance the potential impacts that will occur, take advantage of opportunities, and fused with the consequences that may arise from a change (Gallopin 2006). This study used the descriptive qualitative design, to examine the vulnerability life of female farmers. Through interviews and observation of 24 informants who then analyzed, the researchers got the conclusions: 1) Female farmers are mostly dominated by those over 40 years old. Most of them have elementary school education, with dependents living 3 to 7 people. 2) Female farmers have experience vulnerability in the aspects of education, health aspects, and economic aspects. Vulnerability of life in these three aspects results in female farmers and their families experiencing various problems of lack of knowledge and skills, disruption of health, and low income to meet their daily needs. Nevertheless, the results of the study also show that these female farmers have potential and resources that can be utilized in dealing with vulnerabilities and life problems, namely social capital in the form of family values and mutual cooperation that are still strong in Rindu Hati Village. Based on the vulnerability and potential as well as the available source system, it is recommended that there be efforts to empower or develop the capacity of female farmers so that they are able to face the vulnerability of life while at the same time increasing their welfare.</p> </div> </div> </div> Yessilia Osira ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 19 Mar 2019 11:44:25 +0000 Social Marketing Approach: A Strategy to Improve the Quality of Children's Health in Communities <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This article describes children health’s issue as primary need to achieve their basic rights. In general, children are vulnerable to get nutrition inadequacy because they tend to consume unhealthy foods. Healthy food is a basic right that must be fulfilled to support children’s growth and development. I examined two research areas identified that the problem of children in consuming unhealthy foods does not always related to the family poverty problem. This article also describes the conditions in the poor communities in North Jakarta and the intermediate community in Depok, use descriptive studies. The findings showed that children’s behavior in consuming unhealthy food was due to several factors, including lack of knowledge and skills of parents or caregivers and also negative support from the social environment around children. In addition, cultural change and dynamic information technology development has greatly affected the children consumption habit. This article discusses the process description in implementing communication strategies applied for those two research areas which have different characteristics through the social marketing approach. This approach emphasizes the development of the role of all elements in the community and the intervention strategies applied in each area of the study.</p> </div> </div> </div> Getar Hati ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 19 Mar 2019 11:47:35 +0000 The Contribution of Hope Family Program and Madani Brotherhood Program in Increasing Public Health in Kendari City <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Health is an important basic capital for humans to be able to function socially. Without good physical and mental health conditions, humans find it difficult to get happiness in life. Efforts to maintain and improve public health continue to be carried out, both by the government and by the community through health activities and programs. This paper aims to explore the contribution of the Hope Family Program (HFP) and the Madani Brotherhood Program (MBP) in improving public health, as well as the factors that influence it in Kendari City. The research method used is a qualitative method with a case study approach. The focus of this study is the recipients of the Family Hope Program and the Madani Brotherhood Program, where the majority of them are poor families. The results showed that: First, MBP was more effective in improving public health than HFP. This is because the community health improvement program carried out by the community is easier to implement and more sustainable in nature. Second, the factors that influence the success and failure in the implementation of the program in Kendari City are: first, the legal rules underlying the program; second, human resource factors, third, funding support factors; and finally is a factor of the values underlying the implementation of the program.</p> </div> </div> </div> Darmin Tuwu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 19 Mar 2019 11:50:34 +0000 The Effect of Dhikrullah on Brain Health According to Neuroscience <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Dhikrullah according to verse 2 of chapter al-Anfal and verse 28 of chapter ar-Rad in the Koran has a vibrational effect on the calmness of the heart. Dhikrullah has been practiced by Muslims for more than a thousand years, but the explanation of the implications of the dhikrullah's vibration on human health from the neuroscience approach has yet to be completed. This study is an academic response to get scientific answers about the influence of dhikrullah on the health of the human brain. The attention of Islamic scholars to dhikrullah phenomena from the scientific approach is still far from hope, so the explanation of the effects of the dhikrullah's vibration on human mental health has not been completed. In this study, the authors used combined data, qualitative data from 4 respondents to find the model of dhikrullah and quantitative data from 10 subjects to obtain samples of brain waves through Electro Encephalo Graf (EEG) to see the effects of the dhikrullah on human brain waves. The results of the study show that the brain tends to adjust its frequency with the frequency of the sound stimulus it receives through the ear. Dhikrullah's vibration influences beta waves and alpha waves on the subject's brain waves while running the dhikrullah. According to EEG, dhikrullah is proven to be able to present alpha waves as a stimulus to neurotransmitters in the human brain to produce endorphins. Therefore, the authors conclude that this study is a new approach to see the process of the significance of the dhikrullah's vibration on human health. The United Nations, especially WHO, can use dhikrullah vibration as an approach to help human beings who need a solution from a spiritual approach permanently.</p> </div> </div> </div> Iskandar Iskandar, M. Dirhamsyah ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 19 Mar 2019 11:55:46 +0000 Coping Strategy Enhancement for Families Who Have Children with Thalassemia Through Family Counseling at Sukabumi Thalassemia Foundation <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Family copyng strategy is one of the factors so that families with thalassemia children can survive and function properly. The purpose of this study is to determine whether family counseling had an effect on improving family copyng strategy, by identifying 1). What are the characteristics of children and families in the Sukabumi branch thalassemia foundation? 2). What is the process of family counseling? 3). What are the results of implementing family counseling? This study used a qualitative approach with the action research method. Three families with thalassemia children with main data collection techniques by providing indeepth interview, supplemented by observations and study documentation. The results showed that children with thalassemia had transfused between 3 to 10 years, and routinely performed transfusions every week to every month. Family counseling provides solutions to problems faced by families as an effort to improve family strategy copyng. Active families seek support from extended families, doctors and friends. Families always think positively and organize themselves not to display negative emotions and improve spiritual life. The conclusion of this study indicates that family counseling can have a positive influence on improving family copyng strategy. Family counseling as an intervention that involves all family members also strengthen relationships between family members. The practical implication of the family counseling process requires commitment from all family members, the willingness to openly convey what is felt and thought.</p> </div> </div> </div> Meiti Subardhini, Rini Hartini Rinda A, Elin Herlina ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 19 Mar 2019 12:02:05 +0000 The Infection Control Risk Assessment and Strategies to Reduce HAIs at Hospital in Yogyakarta Indonesia <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Identifying the problem of infection is needed to analyze risk management. One of the tools to manage the risk of Hospital-Acquired Infections (HAIs) is by using the ICRA (Infection Control Risk Assessment). Arranging a risk assessment of infection control is essential to prevent the potential incidence of infection that is not expected. This research analyzes the Infection Control Risk Assessment and reduction strategies of Health-Care-Associated Infections at Hospital in Yogyakarta . The type of analysis was descriptive qualitative with case study approach. The researcher used informants who were involved in the implementation of the prevention and infection with the data control. The researcher also collected data using depth interviews and documents reviews. Risk management process, the findings of risk identification (1) the transmission of infectious diseases, microorganisms through direct and indirect contact, (2) infection, (3) the duration of treatment, delayed homecoming, disability, (4) healthcare workers, patients, visitors, and hospital environments. The highest risk assessment was surgical site infection. The HAIs reduction strategies were taken by breaking the chain of infection, bacterial identifying using HAIs, using the rational antibiotic, optimizing surveillance of HAIs, implementing periodic regular meetings, reporting, cooperating, evaluating, socializing, monitoring and preventing, the reinvigorating the SOP for the type of HAIs. The advice for the management of Hospital is that they need to notice more on the implementation process of the prevention and infection control.</p> </div> </div> </div> Elsye Maria Rosa, Ekorini Listiowati, Nurmalita Sari ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 19 Mar 2019 12:06:31 +0000 Experience of a Childbirth Mother Assisted by Shaman Paraji: A Phenomenology Study in Sumber Lor Village, Babakan Sub-District, Cirebon Regency <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>In Cirebon District the percentage of women giving birth was helped by health workers as much as 91.7%, while the remaining 8.3% was helped by health workers. In Sumber Lor, Babakan, the number of women giving birth in 2016 was 121 people. The results of interviews with traditional birth attendants that women were helped in 2016 amounted to 6 people. This study aims to explore the meaning and meaning of the mother's experience giving birth helped by the paraji shaman in Sumber Lor Village, Babakan Sub-district, Cirebon District. This study uses a phenomenological study approach. Subjects in this study were 7 women who gave birth assisted by a traditional birth attendant. Traditional birth attendant 2 and husband of 6 people as supporting participants. The results obtained in the study of maternal experience were helped by the paraji shaman in the village of Sumber Lor, Babakan Subdistrict, Cirebon Regency, which is the reason that some people still choose the paraji shaman as their birth attendant with a paraji dukun because these women want labor done at home (homebirth), The other is the cause of some people who still want to be helped by a traditional birth attendant because they feel comfortable giving birth by a traditional birth attendant, and the paraji shaman does a complete and caring service until the mother recovers and the baby's belly button is cured. Family support is one of the factors why maternity is assisted by traditional birth attendants, patience of traditional birth attendants when helping, and trust in the shaman, the assumption of the community to the midwife and midwife is the same as helping mothers give birth. The simple thinking of the community, which is important to survive during childbirth, makes them believe and believe in the paraji shaman and the cheap and complete costs are also a motivation for mothers who give birth.</p> </div> </div> </div> Fitria Prihatini, Adi Fahrudin, Irna Nursanti ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 19 Mar 2019 00:00:00 +0000